Dermatologists in the clinic

1. WHAT ARE FUNGAL DISEASES?

Fungal sicknesses (mycoses) – infections as a result of pathogenic fungal cultures. The techniques in their transmission are distinctive: through touch, thru inhalation of spores, with food and drink, thru items, from animals.

In a healthy country, human skin is protected from fungal infections, for the reason that acid-base stability of its floor is slightly shifted toward acidity. However, below sure situations (in closed footwear, with excessive sweating in the heat), the herbal stability is disturbed, and there’s a hazard of infection with skin fungal sicknesses.

2.FACTORS PROMOTING DISEASE

The most commonplace fungal infections contain the nails and skin of the hands. This is facilitated through a few factors:

  • Endocrine disorders;
  • Vegetative dystonia;
  • Lack of vitamins;
  • Weakening of immunity;
  • Hyperhidrosis;
  • Skin trauma;
  • Forget of private hygiene.

Excessive temperatures are extra negative for fungal spores than bloodless. Even deep freezing preserves the viability of mushrooms, while at seventy five stages above zero, mushrooms end up innocent after 15 mins. In case of skin fungal illnesses, ironing or, rather, calcining the patient’s garments with an iron is one of the methods to save you re-contamination and spread of contamination. Further to ambient temperature, humidity is of key importance for fungal infections. In damp situations, mushrooms continue to exist for a long term outdoor the body. That is why the threat of contamination with fungal infections in a bath or pool is so excessive. However, a dry surroundings also does no longer kill, however handiest temporarily deactivates fungal spores. In this country, they can look forward to years for the onset of situations favorable for the release of explosive duplicate. All fungal illnesses are divided into pathogenic (with a excessive possibility of contamination during contact with a patient) and conditionally pathogenic (the ailment develops only in people with weakened immunity). Some fungal infections have an effect on best youngsters (as an instance, ringworm is seldom located in adults). Many persistent sicknesses change the acidic surroundings of the body and increase the danger of developing fungal infections (diabetes mellitus, weight problems, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, and thyroid gland).

Treating infections resulting from the fungus is vital. These illnesses do no longer go away by using themselves. You must also no longer self-medicate. Due to the fact fungi are extremely tenacious and actively spread their seed, there is a high threat of spreading fungal spores to other elements of the frame and infecting different human beings. Even with timely referral to professionals, therapy on occasion takes months or even years, therefore attempts at self-treatment most effective exacerbate the state of affairs, chronicle, and aggravate the route of the disorder.

Fungal illnesses are divided into mycoses of the pores and skin and mycoses of internal organs according to the area of ​​settlement of the fungus.

3.SKIN MYCOSIS

Of the pores and skin fungal sicknesses, the most commonplace fungus of the ft and fingers. Generally, mycosis invades the nails and the skin round them. The infection gets on the toes in heat public locations with excessive humidity (saunas, swimming swimming pools, gyms). The primary manifestations of the sickness: itching, peeling of the skin, vesicles, microcracks between the hands, spots at the nail plates, then their unevenness and crumbling. Treatment is purely remedy: antifungal oral medicinal drugs, ointments, iodine. A prerequisite is disinfection or substitute of all the patient’s shoes.

Any such fungal disease as microsporidia, known underneath the famous call “lichen”, is likewise very common. Most children are inflamed with it via contact with animals. The incubation length of the ailment is 7 days, however, even in the extreme period, contamination from individual to individual may be very uncommon. This form of fungus frequently impacts the scalp. Hair on the website of the focal point of the disease becomes brittle and falls out, therefore, lichen is referred to as “ringworm”. The sickness is diagnosed by way of laboratory checks. Remedy consists of antimycotics, sulfur-salicylic and sulfur-tar ointments, iodine. If there are animals in the house, they may be vaccinated to save you a likely contamination from a ill infant and turn into a source of repeated mycosis. In maximum instances, inpatient remedy of unwell children is usually recommended.

4.Fungal diseases of the internal organs

Unfortunately, fungal infections can reason sicknesses not best of the pores and skin but also of inner organs. In lots of humans, allergic manifestations are associated exactly with the presence of fungal spores in the frame. Regularly, fungal infections do no longer bother their service (moderate itching, incomprehensible spots) and therefore stay untreated for a long term. Overlook of neatness, weight problems, insufficient frequency of hygienic tactics makes these sufferers very convenient hosts for fungi and energetic spore providers into the environment. Carriers of visceral fungal infections are doubly risky, i.E. Affecting internal organs. The result of this “commonwealth” of guy and fungi are serious illnesses:

  • Candidal esophagitis (harm to the esophagus);
  • Sporotrichosis;
  • Candidiasis of the belly and intestines;
  • Candidal pneumonia (damage to the breathing tract and lungs);
  • Candidiasis of the genitourinary organs;
  • Generalized candidiasis (general dispersal of the fungus all through the body, consisting of the frightened machine and brain).

Extraordinary nations have their specificity in the prevalence of fungal sicknesses. 80% of the population of a few states are infected with the fungus of the ft and fingers. In step with information, each 5th individual in the world is inflamed with one or another fungus – the second one region within the overall shape of skin illnesses. This is because the viable ways of transmission of fungal spores are severa and sundry, and their survival rate may be very high beneath any situations. Now and again it is very difficult or not possible to set up that the supply of sicknesses of the internal organs is precisely the fungi. But with apparent outside signs of mycotic contamination, you have to are seeking medical help urgently to get rid of the sickness as quick as possible and prevent the spread of fungal sicknesses.

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